Infective Endocarditis

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare, life-threatening disease that occurs when pathogens enter the bloodstream and infect the heart lining, or the endocardium. IE is generally caused by bacteria, but fungal endocarditis does occur and is the more fatal of the two conditions.1 This article reviews the disease, including its symptoms, risk factors, and causes, and discusses how a syndromic approach to blood culture testing can help improve IE diagnostics.